Richard H. Kirk

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About Richard H. Kirk

Between his work with the pioneering industrial group Cabaret Voltaire and his myriad solo and collaborative projects, Richard H. Kirk remained impossibly productive for nearly 50 years. While Cabaret Voltaire started out in the 1970s as an electronics-and-tape-loops outfit, the group eventually penetrated a pop group context while retaining the edge of dystopia and isolation at the core of their earlier work. Kirk's solo work evolved along similar lines, although he worked more toward integrating technology with humanitarian concerns. Releases as part of the bleep techno act Sweet Exorcist preceded ambient techno material under his own name, including 1994's Virtual State. Numerous albums as Sandoz reflected his affection for African and tribal percussion and thematics, and he continued exploring techno, ambient, house, and dub under dozens of other names, including Electronic Eye and Biochemical Dread. Kirk revived the name Cabaret Voltaire for solo performances and releases like 2020's Shadow of Fear.

Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
March 21, 1956

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